In our previous blogs posts we learned about different AutoCAD objects such as lines, polylines, arcs, ellipses, etc. In continuation with the same, we are now going to talk about helices. It has certain limitations as compared to other objects. Let’s discuss those in detail.
1. Setting up environment
from pyautocad import Autocad, APoint acad = Autocad(create_if_not_exists=True)
2. Creating a helix
So, we can only fetch properties of the pre-created helix.
Let’s draw a helix first.
As you can see from Figures 1.1 & 1.2, I have created a helix with the below-mentioned properties:
Top Radius: 250 units
Bottom Radius: 200 units
Center: (2000, 1500)
Height: 100 units
3. Storing the helix object in a variable
As we cannot create a helix using pyautocad, we do not have a variable assigned to the helix which has been created on the AutoCAD template.
In this case, we can utilize a wonderful method provided by pyautocad, i.e. iter_objects.
With this, we can iterate through all the previously created objects from the AutoCAD template.
As per pyautocad, the type of a helix object is “AcDbHelix”, which can be found out using the “ObjectName” property against the created drawing.
So, through a combination of this iter_objects method and filtering out the helix with its “ObjectName” (which is “AcDbHelix”) we can store it in a variable while implementing “for loop”, eventually using it to fetch the properties of the helix.
Let us implement the loop now, to filter out helix from the template:
def helix(): obj = acad.iter_objects(limit=None, block=acad.doc.Layouts.item(2).Block) for obj in obj: print("Type of object: " + obj.ObjectName) if obj.ObjectName == "AcDbHelix": ...
Syntax for “iter_objects”:
iter_objects(object_name_or_list=None, block=None, limit=None, dont_cast=False)
object_name_or_list – part of object type name, or list of it
block – Autocad template, default –
limit – max number of objects to return, default infinite
To make things work a little faster by iterating only through the “AcDbHelix” object, we can pass the parameter “object_name_or_list” as:
def helix(): obj = acad.iter_objects(object_name_or_list= "AcDbHelix", limit=None, block=acad.doc.Layouts.item(2).Block) for obj in obj: ...
This will store the helix object in the variable obj and we can fetch properties of the helix by applying different methods against that variable.
4. Helix properties
Let’s fetch properties of our helix now:
print("Top radius of helix: " + str(round(obj.TopRadius,2))) print("Base radius of helix: " + str(round(obj.BaseRadius,2))) print("Helix constrain: " + str(round(obj.constrain,2))) print("Height of helix: " + str(round(obj.Height,2))) print("Center point of helix: ") print(obj.Position) print("Total length of helix: " + str(round(obj.TotalLength,2))) print("Number fo turns helix took to complete: " + str(round(obj.Turns,2))) print("Slope of turns: " + str(round(obj.TurnSlope,2))) print("Height of single turn: " + str(round(obj.TurnHeight,2))) print("Twist of the helix: " + str(round(obj.Twist,2)))
O/p: Type of object: AcDbHelix Top radius of helix: 250.0 Base radius of helix: 200.0 Helix constrain: 1 Height of helix: 100.0 Center point of helix: (2000.0, 1500.0, 0.0) Total length of helix: 4242.63 Number fo turns helix took to complete: 3.0 Slope of turns: 0.46 Height of single turn: 33.33 Twist of the helix: 0
5. Editing the newly created helix object
Although we cannot create a helix using pyautocad, we can definitely edit the previously created helix.
Let’s change the center point of the helix.
We can use the Move method to move objects from one point to another.
object.Move(<current location>, <new location>)
obj.Move(APoint(obj.Position), APoint(1500, 1000))
Now, we will change some other properties too and, let’s see what happens.
obj.TopRadius = 450 obj.BaseRadius = 700 obj.Height = 500 obj.Twist = 1
Let’s run the code now and print the properties again.
O/p: Top radius of helix: 450.0 Base radius of helix: 700.0 Helix constrain: 1 Height of helix: 500.0 Center point of helix: (1500.0, 1000.0, 0.0) Total length of helix: 10853.13 Number fo turns helix took to complete: 3.0 Slope of turns: -0.46 Height of single turn: 166.67 Twist of the helix: 1
For more information on AutoCAD itself, you can also review the Autodesk documentation.
Civil engineer interested in automation in core subjects such as civil, mechanical and electrical, using IT skills comprising cloud computing, devops, programming languages and databases along with the technical skills gained while working as a civil engineer since past 3 years.